The world is increasingly facing a technologically changing employment landscape and such changes are directly affecting the future demand for skills. For regional economies built on labour migration, the impending changes will affect migrants and their families, their countries of origin and the recruitment systems they are attached to – and ultimately disrupt the development benefits of migration. This paper investigates how the future of the employment landscape will affect migration within the Abu Dhabi Dialogue, a regional consultative process for migration in Asia. It investigates the impending changes in the demand for skills in countries of destination, how such changes will affect migration processes and whether countries of origin are ready for the changes. It provides recommendations on how regional consultative processes can foster dialogue between key actors from both countries of origin and destination to better navigate future changes and ensure a smooth transition.

  • 29 Apr 2004
  • OECD
  • ページ数: 128

Les tremblements de terre et autres désastres naturels sont imprévisibles et souvent mortels. Ils entraînent des coûts élevés, tant dans les pays développés que dans les pays en développement, sur le plan humain comme au niveau des infrastructures. Le danger couru par les établissements d'enseignement est particulièrement préoccupant étant donné la concentration de jeunes occupants qu'ils abritent et le rôle élargi qu'ils jouent au niveau de la communauté.  Ils sont en particulier communément utilisés comme lieux de refuge après un tremblement de terre ou un autre désastre.

  • 30 Jan 2004
  • OECD
  • ページ数: 112

Earthquakes and other natural disasters are unpredictable, and often deadly. In developed and developing countries alike, the cost in human life and infrastructure is very high. The danger to schools is of particular concern, given the concentration of young people attending them, and schools' broader role in communities -- not the least of which is their common use as places of refuge after an earthquake or other disaster.


As of September 2009, Nepal has signed but has not yet ratified the UNCAC. It has been a member of the APG since 2002. Nepal’s legal system is based on the English common law but with some Hindu legal concepts. Its criminal bribery offences have not been externally reviewed.

Nepal did not exist as a single country in a true political sense prior to unification by King Prithivi Narayan Shah Dev in 1768 (1825 Bikram Sambat). Present day Nepal was divided into various small kingdoms. The Kathmandu valley itself consisted of three separate kingdoms. All of the separate kingdoms had their own set of legal systems and ruled mainly on the basis of religion.

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